The European or sweet violet is cultivated for its beautiful and fragrant flowers that are also used in perfumes, flavorings, and herbal medicines. Violets have been used in traditional folk medicine for thousands of years. The Greeks considered the violet a symbol of fertility and love, and were known to add it to any love potion that they made. The young leaves and flower buds can be eaten raw or cooked. They make a very good salad, and a tea made from the flower or leaves is equally as tasty.
Alpha-ionone, beta-ionone, beta-sitosterol, eugenol, ferulic acid, kaempferol, malic acid, methyl salicylate, palmitic acid, quercetin, rutin, scopoletin, vanillin.
Leaf and flowers
The dried leaf is traditionally used as a tea, and the fresh leaf and flower is traditionally used in salads, soups, jellies and jams, as well as other food preparations. May also be taken as a liquid herbal extract.