Black Sage, prized by indigenous people of the west and early settler for these uses. Black Sage is an excellent culinary herb, smoking mix, tea, and a powerful smudge purification and cleaning. Great insect repellent with a heavenly sage scent. Black Sage pulls your consciousness towards other realms. This is a great tool for Shamanism, Journeying, Pathworking, Divination and Dream Work.
Native American smudge incense sticks are used for purifying the atmosphere, dispersing negativity, protection. Smudges put out a lot of soothing smoke. Very refreshing, relaxing, clearing --- like traveling through the clouds...Potent and purifying.
To burn a smudge stick -just light the tip, blow it out and either wave in air or place in a glass or metal container (one that will not burn) with sand or salt placed therein to hold the smudge upright. To extinguish, invert smudge into the sand or salt to smother. Smudges put out a lot of soothing smoke.
Coastal Mountains of California
Many plants that grow in the American West have use in traditional and herbal medicine. California herbs have a rich history and have much to offer. The coastal sage scrub and southern maritime chaparral of Southern California is some of the rarest habitat in the country. Native Americans used the plants in these areas for food, medicine, clothing, shelter and tools.